Sourdough Bread in a Dutch Oven

Making Bread in a Dutch Oven

Making bread in a Dutch oven is the best way for you to get crusty, crispy, and deeply colored artisan loaves from the very beginning. Not only is it the easiest way to get good results, but at the same time, it is the method used by many professional bakeries.

What size Dutch oven do I need?

As you will find out, there are many options when you want to buy a Dutch oven if you do not already have one. Different sizes, shapes, and materials like cast iron and ceramic are the main aspects you will look for when buying one. Directly related to this is important to check manufacturer preheating recommendation.

In this guide, I will present the general method and most essential tips on how to bake bread in a Dutch oven. Preheating temperatures, baking times, things to avoid and my pots recommendations.

Why making artisan bread Dutch oven?

Steam is one important factor in baking bread. Baking with steam directly in your conventional home oven can be a challenging task. You can look at the Dutch oven as a mini professional steam-injected oven that will do all the hard work for you. Duch oven cast iron walls will maintain and distribute a constant heat, making your bread to rise.

Dutch oven and a Conventional Oven

When a Dutch oven is preheated prior to placing a loaf inside, it replicates the heating system of a conventional stone hearth oven. But more importantly, the heat generated inside a Dutch oven is much more consistent in comparison to the heat generated in a standard oven. It has the capacity to trap the same amount of steam which is achieved by placing a container of water in an oven. The regular ovens vent constantly, making it difficult to trap heat inside.

By absorbing the moisture inside a Dutch oven, the crust eventually becomes more firm and crispier as it reaches a higher temperature. The sugar present on its surface starts to brown, giving off a great flavor. Since the loaf is uncovered, it allows for maximum evaporation and heat at its surface, which resultantly creates a delicious, crispy crust.

How Steam Create to beautiful loaves?

The steam that generated inside this lidded pot transforms the dough miraculously, making sure that the crust of the bread breaks in delicate shards with every bite. But how is a steam generated inside this Dutch oven? The answer is simple, preheat the pot.

When preheated empty, the Dutch oven acts as a miniature version of a proper steam-injected oven. The heat generated inside it is more evenly distributed in comparison to a standard oven and the resultant steam sprinkles its magic on the dough.

An unbaked dough with all the moisture inside tends to capture humidity as steam. This steam tends to soften the crust, allowing it to continue expanding in the initial phase of baking. This steam gelatinizes the starch present on bread’s surface and creates an attractive and glossy crust. Courtesy of this steam inside a Dutch oven, the slashes that are formed on the dough beautifully rise, forming crisp ridges that give an artisan-style look.

Steam baked bread loaves taste as mouth-watering as they look. The moisture of steam keeps the dough’s surface cool for a greater amount of time. As the bread loaf bakes, the enzymes continually reduce the starch to basic sugars. These basic sugars are quite delicious and create a golden crust when they caramelize and gives a sweet and soft flavor of baked bread.

How to bake bread in a Dutch oven

Slip risen yeast dough gently inside the pot. Closing the lid creates the necessary steam. Due to this reason, the bread develops a crackly crust with a shiny surface that is blistered beautifully with bubbles.

The Dutch oven is used for cooking potatoes to perfection. But it is a game-changer in itself when used to bake bread inside it. The loaves that emerge from a Dutch oven are appetizing, beautiful and delicious to eat.

In baked bread, the gluten (protein structure) develops normally due to the kneading process. In a Dutch oven, no kneading is required, however, the gluten still gains strength. When the dough is stretched and folded in half a few times during rising or fermentation phase, the protein structure gains sufficient strength to capture the gas emitted by the yeast. A longer fermentation maximizes gas entrapment, creating bread’s volume. More advantageously, the loaf has adequate time to fully develop its organic acids which gives an extraordinary flavor.

Preheating the Dutch oven

A burst of steam is needed which creates maximum impact on the dough when it is placed inside the pot. To create this burst, preheat the pot for half an hour before the rising dough is ready for baking. Remember that the temperature of kitchen factors in how quickly the dough rises. It may take a No-Knead Crusty white bread 1 to 3 hours to rise. When the dough looks about ready in half an hour, place the bread in a cold oven and set the temperature to 450°F. After 30 minutes, the dough should have risen up considerably and the pot would have preheated thoroughly. Carefully take out the hot pot from oven and put it over a neutral surface (kitchen towel, wooden board or a cooling rack).

Preventing Overheating of the Loaves

Usually, for beginners, the bread tends to become thick and dark when baked in a Dutch oven. But there is no reason to worry as bread baked in a Dutch oven will eventually produce a darker bottom. But this darkness can be toned down to preserve the bread’s overall beauty.

First and foremost, it is necessary to make sure that while baking in a Dutch oven, never bake directly on baking steel. When the Dutch oven finishes preheating, the cast iron pot and stone stores excessive heat which scorches the bread loaf very quickly. It is about controlling the temperature.

Tips for Best Results for Dutch oven Bread

Follow these tips for making sure that the bread is baked to perfection first time around:

  1. Sea salt should be used. If unavailable, it should be bought. It gives a rather clean flavor. Table salt works just fine, too.
  2. It is advisable to use a 5-quart Dutch oven for starters. Use a smaller pot which allows the bread to end up taller. A larger pot gives the bread room to spread out.
  3. There is no need to purchase any special brand of flour for this. Plain flour works just fine as any.
  4. After a long rise, the dough is still wet. Avoid putting additional flour on the existing dough and work with it using the hands. It keeps the texture light.
  5. Active dry yeast should be used. Don’t confuse it with instant yeast, but active dry yeast gives the best results.


Based on these features of homemade bread, it can be reasonably concluded that baking homemade bread in Dutch oven is the best way. It not only bakes a sweet and soft bread, but it is also ideal for a rich and colorful texture.

Feel free to suggest tips, tricks, and methods for baking bread in a Dutch oven.

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